Die Goldberg-Variationen sind ein Höhepunkt barocker Variationskunst. Jeder Einzelsatz besitzt seinen ganz eigenen Charakter. Der Zusammenhang der Variationen untereinander ergibt sich durch das gemeinsame Bassthema und durch einen planvollen Gesamtaufbau des Werkes mit regelmäßig eingefügten, in den Oberstimmen streng kanonischen Sätzen.
He was born in 's-Graveland, North Holland and studied organ and harpsichord from 1947 to 1950 with Eduard Müller at the Schola Cantorum Basiliensis in Basel. In 1950, he made his debut as a harpsichordist in Vienna, where he studied musicology. He was professor of harpsichord at the Academy of Music from 1952 to 1955 and at the Amsterdam Conservatory from 1954. He was also a church organist.wiki
Here is a package that satisfies intellectual curiosity and is musically delightful. This two-disc set begins with a precise, but still musical, harpsichord performance of Bach's Goldberg Variations by Céline Frisch. Her Aria is clean, with both the melody and the bass line countermelody clear and phrased so that everything comes together well. Her ornaments fit naturally into the melodies throughout the variations, without drawing attention away from the tune, and she always has a sense of direction and forward momentum. The second disc contains the 14 canons on the first eight notes of the bass of the Aria from the Goldberg Variations and the two songs that are contained in the quodlibet near the end of the Variations. The canons are rich and warm performed by Café Zimmermann, a string sextet that includes a double bass, with excellent contrasts in the feel of each canon. The song Cabbages and Turnips Have Driven Me Away is the highlight of the two discs. Period instruments accompany Dominique Visse as he sings about a hunter bringing a girl home to meet his mother. Visse switches from a jolly, idiomatic tenor voice for the hunter to a smooth alto for the girl, and a slightly grating alto for the mother, often in mid-verse.
The title alone is enough to make the heart beat a little faster. It is not coincidental that many music lovers have just this work as a centre in their private musical universe, a piece they return to again and again, always to find something new. A set of variations which stretches the limits; old man Bach with the powers to make the variation-form a display of pure music. This release concludes Ketil Haugsand"s recordings of all Bach"s "Clavierübung" on harpsichord for Simax Classics. The two earlier releases became reference recordings over-night, and Goldberg really is the jewel of the crown. As always Haugsand"s interpretation is no scratching the surface, but taking you through to the deeper layers of this music in breathing and singing phrases, along the map drawn up by Bach.
An air of leisure, if not outright luxury, pervades pianist Ragna Schirmer's 1999 recording of J.S. Bach's Goldberg Variations. From the deluxe double-disc packaging – many Goldberg recordings make do with only one CD – to the taking of all repeats, this is a set for dedicated listeners who have ample time to appreciate the subtleties of Bach's art of variation, and the patience to devote nearly 87 minutes to hearing this work straight through. It would be unfair to suggest that Schirmer plays the variations too slowly, or that the performance is in any way sluggish or tedious because she takes her time. Indeed, she is quite capable of imparting a feeling of virtuosity and brilliance as she skillfully works her way through the embellishments and the trickier passages of Bach's elaborate counterpoint, …….Blair Sanderson @ AllMusic
…Overall, Staier is persuasive in his choice of tempi, ornamentation, mechanical proficiency, and his basic characterization—one of the most important aspects to a successful performance of this piece. He has a way of treating these variations individually, much as Gould did in his first recording of the Goldbergs. Most importantly, he has…energy and life.
"The Goldberg Variations is one of those works that should be in everyone's Bach music collection. Their level of complexity is balanced by a musical intimacy that makes them universally enjoyable.
Everyone has recorded this work, it seems to be a measuring stick of every performer's abilities. Some are excellent; some fail. Trevor Pinnock, known mostly as conductor of the exquisite English Concert, performs here with fantastic energy, precision and charm.
Trevor Pinnock's special understanding of Bach's music is evident here and his performance is remarkable. Speed, clarity, sensitivity; all the components necessary in a great performance with no strange interpretive nuances getting in the way.
The recording itself is crystal clear ADD with the microphone appropriately close to the harpsichord. There is no ambient echo which is often distracting and, sometimes, annoying in harpsichord recordings. This recording is so perfect it sounds like Trevor Pinnock is in your living room performing for you."
Among recordings of Bach's monumental "Goldberg Variations" on the piano, András Schiff's 1982 set is justly famous. Unlike so many discs that have been issued in tired series designated "legendary recordings" or some other such term, this one fully lives up to the billing with its incredible delineation of Bach's contrapuntal lines. You hear every note, every hidden piece of the inner clockwork of each variation. Sample variation 14, with its trills erupting sharply from each line like spring flowers blooming with freakishly rapid intensity – nobody else has ever given this variation such a glittering quality. Even as Schiff uses the full resources of the piano, with lots of pedal and thoroughly unidiomatic crescendos, he articulates every note Bach wrote. Schiff sets himself technical challenges and then surmounts them. Beginning with the opening Aria he sets a blistering pace – one that may seem too fast, especially in the slow variations, to those raised on Glenn Gould's dreamy readings. But listen to the high-wire act Schiff performs in the canonic variation 21. The intensity is ramped up by the fact that Schiff often barely pauses between variations; one idea follows another, from both Bach and Schiff, with breakneck speed.